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THE CREATION OF EVE.
"And the Lord God said, it is not good that the man should be
alone; I will make him a helpmeet for him. And the Lord God
caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept, and he took
one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; and the
rib which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and
brought her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my
bone and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because
she was taken out of man. Therefore shall a man leave his father
and mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one
flesh." Genesis ii, 18, 21-24.
In these few words the Scriptures narrate the creation of the
first mother of our race. In "Paradise Lost," the poetic genius
of Milton, going more into detail, describes how Eve awoke to
consciousness, and found herself reposing under a shade of
flowers, much wondering what she was and whence she came.
Wandering by the margin of a small lake, she sees her own form
mirrored in the clear waters, at which she wonders more. But a
voice is heard, leading her to him for whom she was made, who
lies sleeping under a grateful shade. It is at this point the
artist comes to interpret the poet's dream. Amid the varied and
luxurious foliage of Eden, in the vague light of the early dawn,
Eve is presented, coy and graceful, gazing on her sleeping Lord,
while in the background is faintly outlined the mystic form of
Him in whose image they were created.
THE EXPULSION FROM THE GARDEN.
And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us,
to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and
take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever:
Therefore, the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden,
to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the
man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden cherubims,
and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of
the tree of life.—Genesis iii, 22-24
They, looking back, all the eastern side beheld Of Paradise,
so late their happy seat, Waved over by that flaming brand; the
gate, With dreadful forces thronged, and fiery arms Some natural
tears they dropped, but wiped them soon; The world was all before
them, where to choose Their place of rest, and Providence their
guide; They, hand in hand, with wandering steps and slow, Through
Eden took their solitary way.
Paradise Lost, Book XII.
THE MURDER OF ABEL.
And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain,
and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. And she again bare
his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a
tiller of the ground. And in process of time it came to pass,
that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the
Lord. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock
and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to
his offering: But unto Cain and to his offering he had not
respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. And
the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy
countenance fallen? If thou doest well, shalt thou not be
accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door, and
unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. And
Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass,—when
they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his
brother, and slew him.
And the Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he
said, I know not Am I my brother's keeper? And he said, What hast
thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from
the ground. And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath
opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto
thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the
earth. And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than
I can bear. Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the
face of the earth and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall
be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to
pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me. And the Lord
said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall
be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain,
lest any finding him should kill him.
And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in
the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.—Genesis iv, 1-16
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month,
the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the
fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven
were opened. And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty
In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and
Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives
of his sons with them, into the ark; they, and every beast after
his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping
thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl
after his kind, every bird of every sort. And they went in unto
Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the
breath of life. And they that went in, went in male and female of
all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the Lord shut him
And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters
increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the
earth. And the waters prevailed, and were increased, greatly upon
the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. And the
waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high
hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen
cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were
covered. And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of
fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing
that creepeth upon the earth, and every man; all in whose
nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land,
died. And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the
face of the ground, both man and cattle, and the creeping things,
and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the
earth; and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him
in the ark.
And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty
days.—Genesis vii, 11-24.
NOAH CURSING HAM.
And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem,
and Ham, and Japheth; and Ham is the father of Canaan. These are
the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth
And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard:
And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered
within his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness
of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and
Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders,
and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and
their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's
nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his
younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a
servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said,
Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of
Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.—Genesis ix, 18-27.
THE TOWER OF BABEL.
And the whole earth was of one language, and of one
And it came to pass as they journeyed from the east, that they
found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. And
they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them
thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for
mortar. And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower,
whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest
we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the
children of men builded. And the Lord said, Behold, the people is
one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do:
and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have
imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their
language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of
all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did
there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did
the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the
earth.—Genesis xi, 1-9.
ABRAHAM ENTERTAINS THREE STRANGERS.
In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his
son. And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought
with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.
And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he
sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; and he lift up his
eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw
them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself
toward the ground, and said, My Lord, if now I have found favour
in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant: let a
little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and
rest yourselves under the tree: And I will fetch a morsel of
bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on:
for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do,
as thou hast said.
And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make
ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make
cakes upon the hearth. And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched
a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he
hasted to dress it. And he took butter, and milk, and the calf
which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by
them under the tree, and they did eat.—Genesis xvii, 26, 27;
Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have
entertained angels unawares.—Hebrews xiii, 2.
THE DESTRUCTION OF SODOM.
And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot,
saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are
here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. And
while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the
hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the
Lord being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set
him without the city.
And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad,
that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither
stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be
consumed. And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord. Behold
now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast
magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my
life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me
and I die. Behold now this city is near to flee unto, and it is a
little one: Oh, let me escape thither (is it not a little one?)
and my soul shall live. And he said unto him, See, I have
accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not
overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken. Haste thee,
escape thither; for I cannot do anything till thou be come
Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered unto Zoar.
Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and
fire from the Lord out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities,
and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and
that which grew upon the ground.
But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a
pillar of salt.
And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he
stood before the Lord and he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah,
and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and lo, the
smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.—Genesis
THE EXPULSION OF HAGAR.
And the Lord visited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did
unto Sarah as he had spoken. For Sarah conceived, and bare
Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had
spoken to him. And Abraham called the name of his son that was
born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. And Abraham
circumcised his son Isaac, being eight days old, as God had
commanded him. And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son
Isaac was born unto him.
And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, so that all that
hear will laugh with me. And she said, Who would have said unto
Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have
born him a son in his old age. And the child grew, and was
weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac
And Sarah, saw the son of Hagar, the Egyptian, which she had
born unto Abraham, mocking. Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast
out this bondwoman and her son; for the son of this, bondwoman
shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.
And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of
his son. And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy
sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all
that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in
Isaac shall thy seed be called. And also of the son of the
bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.
And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and
a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her
shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and
wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba.—Genesis xxi, 1-14.
HAGAR IN THE WILDERNESS.
And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and
a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her
shoulder, and the child, and sent her away; and she departed, and
wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba. And the water was spent
in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs.
And she went and sat her down over against him a good way off, as
it were a bow-shot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the
child. And she sat over against him, and lifted up her voice and
wept. And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God
called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth
thee, Hagar? fear not, for God hath heard the voice of the lad
where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand;
for I will make him a great nation. And God opened her eyes, and
she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with
water, and gave the lad drink. And God was with the lad; and he
grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he
dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife
out of the land of Egypt.—Genesis xxi. 14-21.