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  | Home | Reading Room 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea



20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
by Jules Verne

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The next morning at four o'clock I was awakened by

the steward whom Captain Nemo had placed at my service.

I rose hurriedly, dressed, and went into the saloon.

Captain Nemo was awaiting me.

"M. Aronnax," said he, "are you ready to start?"

"I am ready."

"Then please to follow me."

"And my companions, Captain?"

"They have been told and are waiting."

"Are we not to put on our diver's dresses?" asked I.

"Not yet. I have not allowed the Nautilus to come too near this coast,

and we are some distance from the Manaar Bank; but the boat is ready, and will

take us to the exact point of disembarking, which will save us a long way.

It carries our diving apparatus, which we will put on when we begin

our submarine journey."

Captain Nemo conducted me to the central staircase,

which led on the platform. Ned and Conseil were already there,

delighted at the idea of the "pleasure party" which was preparing.

Five sailors from the Nautilus, with their oars, waited in the boat,

which had been made fast against the side.

The night was still dark. Layers of clouds covered the sky,

allowing but few stars to be seen. I looked on the side

where the land lay, and saw nothing but a dark line enclosing

three parts of the horizon, from south-west to north west.

The Nautilus, having returned during the night up the western

coast of Ceylon, was now west of the bay, or rather gulf,

formed by the mainland and the Island of Manaar.

There, under the dark waters, stretched the pintadine bank,

an inexhaustible field of pearls, the length of which is more

than twenty miles.

Captain Nemo, Ned Land, Conseil, and I took our places

in the stern of the boat. The master went to the tiller;

his four companions leaned on their oars, the painter was cast off,

and we sheered off.

The boat went towards the south; the oarsmen did not hurry. I noticed

that their strokes, strong in the water, only followed each other every

ten seconds, according to the method generally adopted in the navy.

Whilst the craft was running by its own velocity, the liquid drops

struck the dark depths of the waves crisply like spats of melted lead.

A little billow, spreading wide, gave a slight roll to the boat, and some

samphire reeds flapped before it.

We were silent. What was Captain Nemo thinking of? Perhaps of

the land he was approaching, and which he found too near to him,

contrary to the Canadian's opinion, who thought it too far off.

As to Conseil, he was merely there from curiosity.

About half-past five the first tints on the horizon showed

the upper line of coast more distinctly. Flat enough in the east,

it rose a little to the south. Five miles still lay between us,

and it was indistinct owing to the mist on the water.

At six o'clock it became suddenly daylight, with that rapidity

peculiar to tropical regions, which know neither dawn nor twilight.

The solar rays pierced the curtain of clouds, piled up

on the eastern horizon, and the radiant orb rose rapidly.

I saw land distinctly, with a few trees scattered here and there.

The boat neared Manaar Island, which was rounded to the south.

Captain Nemo rose from his seat and watched the sea.

At a sign from him the anchor was dropped, but the chain scarcely ran,

for it was little more than a yard deep, and this spot was one of the highest

points of the bank of pintadines.

"Here we are, M. Aronnax," said Captain Nemo.

"You see that enclosed bay? Here, in a month will be

assembled the numerous fishing boats of the exporters,

and these are the waters their divers will ransack so boldly.

Happily, this bay is well situated for that kind of fishing.

It is sheltered from the strongest winds; the sea is never very

rough here, which makes it favourable for the diver's work.

We will now put on our dresses, and begin our walk."

I did not answer, and, while watching the suspected waves,

began with the help of the sailors to put on my heavy

sea-dress. Captain Nemo and my companions were also dressing.

None of the Nautilus men were to accompany us on this new excursion.

Soon we were enveloped to the throat in india-rubber clothing;

the air apparatus fixed to our backs by braces.

As to the Ruhmkorff apparatus, there was no necessity for it.

Before putting my head into the copper cap, I had asked the question

of the Captain.

"They would be useless," he replied. "We are going to no great depth,

and the solar rays will be enough to light our walk. Besides, it would

not be prudent to carry the electric light in these waters;

its brilliancy might attract some of the dangerous inhabitants

of the coast most inopportunely."

As Captain Nemo pronounced these words, I turned to Conseil and Ned Land.

But my two friends had already encased their heads in the metal cap,

and they could neither hear nor answer.

One last question remained to ask of Captain Nemo.

"And our arms?" asked I; "our guns?"

"Guns! What for? Do not mountaineers attack the bear with

a dagger in their hand, and is not steel surer than lead?

Here is a strong blade; put it in your belt, and we start."

I looked at my companions; they were armed like us, and, more than that,

Ned Land was brandishing an enormous harpoon, which he had placed in the boat

before leaving the Nautilus.

Then, following the Captain's example, I allowed myself to be

dressed in the heavy copper helmet, and our reservoirs of air

were at once in activity. An instant after we were landed,

one after the other, in about two yards of water upon an even sand.

Captain Nemo made a sign with his hand, and we followed him

by a gentle declivity till we disappeared under the waves.

{3 paragraphs missing}

At about seven o'clock we found ourselves at last surveying the oyster-banks

on which the pearl-oysters are reproduced by millions.

Captain Nemo pointed with his hand to the enormous heap of oysters;

and I could well understand that this mine was inexhaustible, for

Nature's creative power is far beyond man's instinct of destruction.

Ned Land, faithful to his instinct, hastened to fill a net

which he carried by his side with some of the finest specimens.

But we could not stop. We must follow the Captain,

who seemed to guide him self by paths known only to himself.

The ground was sensibly rising, and sometimes,

on holding up my arm, it was above the surface of the sea.

Then the level of the bank would sink capriciously.

Often we rounded high rocks scarped into pyramids.

In their dark fractures huge crustacea, perched upon their

high claws like some war-machine, watched us with fixed eyes,

and under our feet crawled various kinds of annelides.

At this moment there opened before us a large grotto dug in a picturesque

heap of rocks and carpeted with all the thick warp of the submarine flora.

At first it seemed very dark to me. The solar rays seemed to be

extinguished by successive gradations, until its vague transparency became

nothing more than drowned light. Captain Nemo entered; we followed.

My eyes soon accustomed themselves to this relative state of darkness.

I could distinguish the arches springing capriciously from natural pillars,

standing broad upon their granite base, like the heavy columns of

Tuscan architecture. Why had our incomprehensible guide led us to the bottom

of this submarine crypt? I was soon to know. After descending a rather

sharp declivity, our feet trod the bottom of a kind of circular pit.

There Captain Nemo stopped, and with his hand indicated an object I

had not yet perceived. It was an oyster of extraordinary dimensions,

a gigantic tridacne, a goblet which could have contained a whole lake of

holy-water, a basin the breadth of which was more than two yards and a half,

and consequently larger than that ornamenting the saloon of the Nautilus.

I approached this extraordinary mollusc. It adhered by its filaments

to a table of granite, and there, isolated, it developed itself in the calm

waters of the grotto. I estimated the weight of this tridacne at 600 lb.

Such an oyster would contain 30 lb. of meat; and one must have the stomach of

a Gargantua to demolish some dozens of them.

Captain Nemo was evidently acquainted with the existence of this bivalve,

and seemed to have a particular motive in verifying the actual state

of this tridacne. The shells were a little open; the Captain came near

and put his dagger between to prevent them from closing; then with his

hand he raised the membrane with its fringed edges, which formed a cloak

for the creature. There, between the folded plaits, I saw a loose pearl,

whose size equalled that of a coco-nut. Its globular shape, perfect clearness,

and admirable lustre made it altogether a jewel of inestimable value.

Carried away by my curiosity, I stretched out my hand to seize it,

weigh it, and touch it; but the Captain stopped me, made a sign of refusal,

and quickly withdrew his dagger, and the two shells closed suddenly.

I then understood Captain Nemo's intention. In leaving this pearl

hidden in the mantle of the tridacne he was allowing it to grow slowly.

Each year the secretions of the mollusc would add new concentric circles.

I estimated its value at L500,000 at least.

After ten minutes Captain Nemo stopped suddenly.

I thought he had halted previously to returning. No; by a

gesture he bade us crouch beside him in a deep fracture

of the rock, his hand pointed to one part of the liquid mass,

which I watched attentively.

About five yards from me a shadow appeared, and sank to the ground.

The disquieting idea of sharks shot through my mind, but I was mistaken;

and once again it was not a monster of the ocean that we had anything

to do with.

It was a man, a living man, an Indian, a fisherman, a poor

devil who, I suppose, had come to glean before the harvest.

I could see the bottom of his canoe anchored some feet above his head.

He dived and went up successively. A stone held between his feet,

cut in the shape of a sugar loaf, whilst a rope fastened him to his boat,

helped him to descend more rapidly. This was all his apparatus.

Reaching the bottom, about five yards deep, he went on his knees

and filled his bag with oysters picked up at random. Then he went up,

emptied it, pulled up his stone, and began the operation once more,

which lasted thirty seconds.

The diver did not see us. The shadow of the rock hid us from sight.

And how should this poor Indian ever dream that men, beings like himself,

should be there under the water watching his movements and losing no detail

of the fishing? Several times he went up in this way, and dived again.

He did not carry away more than ten at each plunge, for he was obliged to pull

them from the bank to which they adhered by means of their strong byssus.

And how many of those oysters for which he risked his life had no pearl

in them! I watched him closely; his manoeuvres were regular; and for the

space of half an hour no danger appeared to threaten him.

I was beginning to accustom myself to the sight of this interesting fishing,

when suddenly, as the Indian was on the ground, I saw him make a gesture

of terror, rise, and make a spring to return to the surface of the sea.

I understood his dread. A gigantic shadow appeared just above

the unfortunate diver. It was a shark of enormous size

advancing diagonally, his eyes on fire, and his jaws open.

I was mute with horror and unable to move.

The voracious creature shot towards the Indian, who threw

himself on one side to avoid the shark's fins; but not its tail,

for it struck his chest and stretched him on the ground.

This scene lasted but a few seconds: the shark returned, and,

turning on his back, prepared himself for cutting the Indian in two,

when I saw Captain Nemo rise suddenly, and then, dagger in hand,

walk straight to the monster, ready to fight face to face with him.

The very moment the shark was going to snap the unhappy fisherman

in two, he perceived his new adversary, and, turning over,

made straight towards him.

I can still see Captain Nemo's position. Holding himself well together,

he waited for the shark with admirable coolness; and, when it rushed at him,

threw himself on one side with wonderful quickness, avoiding the shock,

and burying his dagger deep into its side. But it was not all over.

A terrible combat ensued.

The shark had seemed to roar, if I might say so. The blood

rushed in torrents from its wound. The sea was dyed red,

and through the opaque liquid I could distinguish nothing more.

Nothing more until the moment when, like lightning, I saw

the undaunted Captain hanging on to one of the creature's fins,

struggling, as it were, hand to hand with the monster,

and dealing successive blows at his enemy, yet still unable to give

a decisive one.

The shark's struggles agitated the water with such fury that the rocking

threatened to upset me.

I wanted to go to the Captain's assistance, but, nailed to the spot

with horror, I could not stir.

I saw the haggard eye; I saw the different phases of the fight.

The Captain fell to the earth, upset by the enormous mass which leant

upon him. The shark's jaws opened wide, like a pair of factory shears,

and it would have been all over with the Captain; but, quick as thought,

harpoon in hand, Ned Land rushed towards the shark and struck it with

its sharp point.

The waves were impregnated with a mass of blood. They rocked under

the shark's movements, which beat them with indescribable fury.

Ned Land had not missed his aim. It was the monster's death- rattle.

Struck to the heart, it struggled in dreadful convulsions, the shock

of which overthrew Conseil.

But Ned Land had disentangled the Captain, who, getting up without any wound,

went straight to the Indian, quickly cut the cord which held him

to his stone, took him in his arms, and, with a sharp blow of his heel,

mounted to the surface.

We all three followed in a few seconds, saved by a miracle,

and reached the fisherman's boat.

Captain Nemo's first care was to recall the unfortunate

man to life again. I did not think he could succeed.

I hoped so, for the poor creature's immersion was not long;

but the blow from the shark's tail might have been his death- blow.

Happily, with the Captain's and Conseil's sharp friction,

I saw consciousness return by degrees. He opened his eyes.

What was his surprise, his terror even, at seeing four great

copper heads leaning over him! And, above all, what must

he have thought when Captain Nemo, drawing from the pocket

of his dress a bag of pearls, placed it in his hand!

This munificent charity from the man of the waters to the poor

Cingalese was accepted with a trembling hand. His wondering eyes

showed that he knew not to what super-human beings he owed both

fortune and life.

At a sign from the Captain we regained the bank, and, following the road

already traversed, came in about half an hour to the anchor which held

the canoe of the Nautilus to the earth.

Once on board, we each, with the help of the sailors, got rid

of the heavy copper helmet.

Captain Nemo's first word was to the Canadian.

"Thank you, Master Land," said he.

"It was in revenge, Captain," replied Ned Land.

"I owed you that."

A ghastly smile passed across the Captain's lips, and that was all.

"To the Nautilus," said he.

The boat flew over the waves. Some minutes after we met the shark's

dead body floating. By the black marking of the extremity of its fins,

I recognised the terrible melanopteron of the Indian Seas, of the species

of shark so properly called. It was more than twenty-five feet long;

its enormous mouth occupied one-third of its body. It was an adult,

as was known by its six rows of teeth placed in an isosceles triangle in

the upper jaw.

Whilst I was contemplating this inert mass, a dozen of these voracious

beasts appeared round the boat; and, without noticing us, threw themselves

upon the dead body and fought with one another for the pieces.

At half-past eight we were again on board the Nautilus.

There I reflected on the incidents which had taken place in our

excursion to the Manaar Bank.

Two conclusions I must inevitably draw from it--one bearing

upon the unparalleled courage of Captain Nemo, the other upon

his devotion to a human being, a representative of that race

from which he fled beneath the sea. Whatever he might say,

this strange man had not yet succeeded in entirely crushing his heart.

When I made this observation to him, he answered in a slightly moved tone:

"That Indian, sir, is an inhabitant of an oppressed country;

and I am still, and shall be, to my last breath, one of them!"



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